What other complications can be treated?
Impaired speech, cognition, or motor skills may cause additional complications. Some complications may be treated. These include:

Bladder and bowel control

Strokes can cause bladder and bowel problems. You may not recognize that you have to go. Or you may not be able to get to the bathroom fast enough. You might have diarrhea, constipation, or a loss of bowel control. Frequent urination, trouble urinating, and a loss of bladder control can also occur.
A bladder or bowel specialist can help treat these problems. You may need to have a commode chair near you throughout the day. Sometimes medications can be helpful. In severe cases, your doctor will insert a urinary catheter to remove urine from your body.


A stroke can lead to difficulties swallowing. You may forget to swallow while eating or have nerve damage that makes swallowing difficult. This can cause you to choke, cough up food, or have hiccups. Speech therapists can help you learn to swallow and eat normally again. Dietitians can also help you find nutritious foods that are easier for you to eat.


Some people develop depression in the aftermath of a stroke. A psychiatrist, psychologist, or other mental health professional can help treat this disorder with therapy and antidepressant medications.
Is rehabilitation always successful?
According to the National Stroke Association, 10 percent of people who have a stroke recover almost completely, with 25 percent recovering with minor impairments. Another 40 percent experience moderate to severe impairments that require special care. This means that there is a type of disability that affects your daily function, whether at work or in your personal life. And 10 percent require long-term care in a nursing home or other facility.
Successful stroke recovery depends on a number of factors, including:
  • how much damage the stroke caused
  • how soon recovery is started
  • how high your motivation is and how hard you work toward recovery
  • your age when it happened
  • whether you have other medical problems that can affect recovery
The medical experts who help you rehabilitate can also affect how well you recover. The more skilled they are, the better your recovery may be.
Your family members and friends can also help improve your outlook by providing encouragement and support.
You can increase your chances of successfully recovering by practicing your rehabilitation exercises on a regular basis.